Recycling is transforming waste materials into something new. Glass, paper, plastic, and metals such as aluminum and steel can all be recycled. Experts say that 85% of our total waste could be recycled if more people recycled and learned more of the benefits.
Most people make about two kilograms of waste (trash) every day. About 7% of this waste is plastic products that can be recycled. Examples of recyclable plastic include water bottles, milk cartons, trash bags, shampoo bottles, and other vessels.
One reason that people give for recycling is that it reduces trash in dumps. Another reason people recycle is to reduce the amount of raw materials and energy used in making things. Most of the time, it takes less energy to recycle trash than to throw it away.
Recycling is done in three steps. The first step is collecting and cleaning the recycled materials. Next is making new products, and the final stage is when someone buys the new product. It is important, however, not to confuse recycling with reusing. This is where old things, such as clothes, are donated or given a new use instead of being thrown out.