Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It is a very important time for Muslims all over the world. During this time, people don’t eat or drink during daylight hours. This is called fasting. It is observed to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad. It is more than just not eating and drinking. Fasting is done by people to show their devotion to god. It is also a time to clear the soul, to renew family ties, and to practice self-discipline and sacrifice.

This yearly observance is thought of as one of the Five Pillars of Islam. These Five Pillars are five activities that shape a Muslim’s life. The month lasts 29–30 days. This is based on the sightings of the Hilal or crescent moon. People pray every day during Ramadan. The effects of fasting can be tough, but they are supposed to be a reminder of other people who suffer throughout the year. For example, people who don’t have the basics like food and water. Ramadan helps Muslims give thanks for these things and shows the desire to help those people in need.

Did you enjoy this lesson? If you did, why not try this one on The Ancient Olympic Games or this one on Festivals in March?