King James I

King James I

James I became the King of England and Ireland in 1603. He became the King of England because Queen Elizabeth I didn’t have husband or any children to become king or queen. James I was the closest living relative of Queen Elizabeth I.

James was already a king when he became the King of England and Ireland. He was King James VI of Scotland. He had been the king of Scotland for twenty-nine years. James I was the first king or queen to rule England, Ireland, and Scotland. He was the first King of Great Britain. He also had the title of King of France, but he didn’t actively rule France.

James married Anne of Denmark in 1589. In total, they had eight children, but only three of these children lived to be adults. Henry, Prince of Wales was the oldest. He was born on February 19, 1594. Next was Elizabeth who was born two years later on August 19, 1596. The youngest was Charles. He was born on November 19, 1600 and would be the next King of England.

King James wasn’t a very popular king with the people of England. In 1605, there was a plot to blow up the Houses of Parliament and kill King James I. This plan was made by a group of Christians. The most famous member of the group was Guy Fawkes. He was caught before the group could carry out their plan. Fawkes and the Gunpowder Plot became famous. This event has been commemorated in Britain since November 5, 1605. Traditionally, a model of Fawkes is burned on a bonfire and there is usually a firework display.

Although he wasn’t popular, King James is thought to have been one of the cleverest kings. He wrote several books, and he approved the publication of the King James Version of the Bible. This is the most printed book in history. More than one billion copies were printed.

Did you enjoy this lesson? Then why not try this lesson on Queen Elizabeth or this one about Buckingham Palace?